Have South Africans So Soon Forgotten?

first_imgThough we had our modest share, Liberia was not among the African nations that hosted tens or hundreds of thousands of South African refugees fleeing apartheid.   From the 1970s-1990s there was a group of Independent African nations known as “the Frontline States.”  These nations were the main backers of South African blacks and coloreds fighting for liberation from apartheid perpetrated against them by the white minority.  The Frontline States were Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.  Their primary aim was to achieve majority rule in South Africa.  These nations hosted millions of South African refugees.  The Frontline States were, of course, backed by most other African nations, especially Nigeria, which contributed tremendous financial resources to help the cause.Liberia had a modest share of South African refugees.  They included Vuz Make (pronounced ma-kay), a South African political activist and member of the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC), who taught at the University of Liberia. Years later, the leader of the Soweto Youth Uprising, Sietzi Machinini, following those momentous events in which many youths were brutally murdered by the racist apartheid police, found refuge in Liberia.  Sietzi married a Liberian young lady, Wilma Campbell, who bore him children.    Liberia also played a major role in all the African Liberation Movements of Southern Africa.   President W.V.S. Tubman, led by Secretary of State J. Rudolph Grimes and Ernest Eastman, then Director of the State Department’s Afro-Asian Bureau, began direct dealings with these Movements.  They included those of Angola, Mozambique, Guinea Bissau, Sao Tome and Principe—all victims of Portuguese colonial racist oppression.  There were also the movements in racist Ian Smith’s Rhodesia, including Robert Mugabe’s Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) and Joshua Nkomo’s Zimbabwe African People’s Union (ZAPU). President Tubman helped all of these movements with diplomacy and money.  Many liberation leaders, including Nelson Mandela, traveled by Liberian diplomatic passports.When in the early 1960s, around 1961, Nelson Mandela visited President Tubman, Ernest Eastman was assigned as Mandela’s main contact with Tubman.  At one point, the President sent Mandela to meet President Modibo Keita of Mali.  Again, it was Eastman who had to make that arrangement.  He sent Mandela to Lafayette Diggs, who had been assigned to open the Liberian embassy in Bamako.  Lafayette effectively executed that assignment and Mandela was able to see the Malian Foreign Minister and President Keita.  (See Ambassador Diggs’ brief article on that assignment on page 5).Ernest Eastman was on President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf’s delegation in July 2008 when she participated in President Mandela’s 90th birthday celebration in South Africa.How now, today, the South Africans have embarked on a xenophobic campaign to kick other Africans out of South Africa!  Included among them, believe it or not, are the Zimbabweans and Nigerians!How have South Africans so soon forgotten!One Liberian political scientist told the Daily Observer that it is not the average South African engaged in this nefarious assault on foreign Africans.  It is, he said, the Zulus, who have always had what he called “reactionary tendencies.”  Remember, he told this newspaper, “they vigorously opposed the ANC during the anti-apartheid struggle because the apartheid regime gave them money and arms to do so.  The Zulus, led by their military movement Inkatha, over the years killed many ANC supporters. But when Nelson Mandela and the ANC emerged victorious in the 1994 Presidential elections, one of the first things he did was extend an olive branch to the powerful Inkatha leader, Gatsha Buthelezi, appointing him to the top position of Minister of Internal Affairs.  In that one master stroke, Mandela sealed the harmony between the ANC and the Zulus.  From that day forward the tension was eased and there was peace.The xenophobic attacks against other Africans in South Africa commenced a few weeks ago when Zulu king Goodwill Zwelithini kaBhekuzulu announced that all African immigrants in South Africa “must leave the country now!”Following that announcement, Africans of various nationalities—Nigerians, Zimbabweans, Ethiopians,  Somalians, etc.—came under vicious attacks, many killed. President Zuma belatedly intervened and condemned the attacks, followed by an announcement by King kaBhekuzulu that the media  had “quoted him out of context.”We call on the African Union, which is incidentally headed by a South African, to intervene and stop this madness in South Africa.  They (South Africans)   must do so NOW to honor their immortal Hero—and the world’s, too—Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela—whom they KNOW would NEVER have stood for such a thing.   Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Men’s Soccer Travels to Green Bay Before MVC Opener Against Valparaiso

first_img Green Bay Live Stats Green Bay (2-0-2) has defeated Milwaukee and Western Illinois with its two ties coming to Eastern Illinois and Fort Wayne. Audi Jepson has scored five goals this year, which leads the Horizon League and ranks 15th in the nation. Valparaiso (2-2-1) is off to a strong start in its first season in The Valley. The Crusaders knocked off preseason favorite, Loyola, 2-1, on Sept. 1 in Chicago. Valpo had its two-match winning streak snapped by former MVC member SIUE in overtime by a score of 1-0 on Sept. 9. Story Links Valparaiso Live Stats Drake battled a tough Western Michigan squad in its home opener on Sunday at the Cownie Soccer Complex. Western Michigan, which edged Drake, 2-1, to improve to 5-0-1, claimed a 2-1 victory at then No. 15 Butler two days before the match against the Bulldogs. Senior Mason Leonard (Overland Park, Kan.) converted a late penalty kick for Drake, but the team was unable to get the equalizer. Leonard and junior Ryan Merideth (East Moline, Ill.) have the only goals this year for the Bulldogs as Merideth’s first career goal came in a 3-1 road loss at DePaul last Friday. GREEN BAY, Wis. – The Drake University men’s soccer team plays at Green Bay on Wednesday night at 6 p.m. Following the road match, Drake (0-4-0) will host its Missouri Valley Conference opener against league newcomer Valparaiso on Saturday at 7 p.m. Saturday’s MVC match will be broadcast on The Valley on ESPN3. Following the Valparaiso match, Drake will travel to Western Illinois on Sept. 20. First kick against the Leathernecks will be 4 p.m.  Print Friendly Versionlast_img read more

Groundbreaking deal makes large number of German studies free to public

first_img A precise formula for the fee has been agreed on but at Wiley’s request will only be made public, along with other details in the contract, in 30 days, Meijer says. However, the total payment should be roughly what German institutes have been paying Wiley in subscription fees so far, Meijer says.The contract is the first between a publisher and a leading research nation to implement the shift to open access, Wiley Managing Editor Guido Herrmann said at a press conference here this morning. “We are convinced this is an important and special moment in the movement to more open access and open science,” he said. Under the contract, Wiley and Project DEAL will also launch a new interdisciplinary open-access journal together, hold an annual symposium for young researchers on the future of research communications, and start a development group tasked with “innovating and accelerating new approaches.”“It’s quite impressive,” says Robert-Jan Smits, the European Commission’s special envoy on open access in Geneva, Switzerland. “It’s a great day for German science, a great day for European science, and it’s a great day for global science.”The deal will likely turn up the pressure on Elsevier and Springer, the other two publishers Project DEAL has been negotiating with. Although there is a transitional agreement with Springer as negotiations continue, talks with Elsevier appear stalled, and hundreds of scientific institutions lost access to the publisher’s journals, including, at the beginning of this year, the Max Planck Society.Negotiations with Wiley took a long time because the devil was in the details. For instance, the deal applies to all papers whose corresponding author works at one of the German institutions—but what if a paper has two corresponding authors, or a corresponding author changes his affiliation between the time a paper is submitted and accepted? Meijer says agreements were reached on many such details, but that it was impossible to foresee every possible scenario. “The phrase that occurs the most in this contract is probably ‘in good faith,’” he says.For Wiley, founded in 1807, it was a matter of adapting to the rapidly changing world of academic publishing, says Judy Verses, the company’s executive vice president of research. “With the changes in the market going on, you basically have two choices: You can decide that you are going to get in the front seat and drive, or you can be in the back seat and maybe not be comfortable with where it is taking you.” By Kai KupferschmidtJan. 15, 2019 , 4:45 PM Davide Bonazzi/@SalzmanArt Email Country * Afghanistan Aland Islands Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia, Plurinational State of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d’Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guernsey Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard Island and McDonald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jersey Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People’s Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macao Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Martin (French part) Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Vietnam Virgin Islands, British Wallis and Futuna Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe Groundbreaking deal makes large number of German studies free to public BERLIN—Three years ago, a group of German libraries, universities, and research institutes teamed up to force the three largest scientific publishers to offer an entirely new type of contract. In exchange for an annual lump sum, they wanted a nationwide agreement making papers by German authors free to read around the world, while giving researchers in Germany access to all of the publishers’ online content.Today, after almost 3 years of negotiations, the consortium, named Project DEAL, can finally claim a success: This morning, it signed a deal with Wiley, an academic publisher headquartered in Hoboken, New Jersey.Under the 3-year contract, scientists at more than 700 academic institutions will be able to access all of Wiley’s academic journals back to 1997 and to publish open access in all of Wiley’s journals. The annual fee will be based on the number of papers they publish in Wiley journals—about 10,000 in previous years, says one of the negotiators, physicist Gerard Meijer of the Fritz Haber Institute, a Max Planck Society institute here. Sign up for our daily newsletter Get more great content like this delivered right to you! Country Click to view the privacy policy. 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